The Knee

The knee is the largest joint in the human body. It is often termed a ‘hinge’ joint, but it is actually much more complex than that. There are complex movements of the knee that allow a person to squat and to lock the knee when standing.

Osteoarthritis Treatment

  • pain on prolonged walking or standing

  • pain especially when you get up after sitting for a prolonged time

  • hearing a pop of the knee followed by swelling

  • giving way or ‘weakness’ of the knee

  • feeling something move inside the knee

Our expertise includes:

- Physiotherapy

- Knee brace fitting

- Aspiration for knee swelling

- Steroid injections

- Lubricant gel injections

- Tissue-healing stimulant injection

- Bone marrow injections

- Key-Hole Surgeries

- ACL: Single- or Double-bundle

- Ligament tears: MCL, PCL, LCL

- Cartilage Reconstruction  

- Patella Dislocation

- Knee Replacement: Partial or Total, using computer-assisted infra-red technology

It is not commonly known that the knee joint takes a tremendous amount of pressure.

For example, when climbing stairs or running, each knee joint may be absorbing 3 times the body-weight. This is one reason why the knee joint is prone to experiencing wear-and-tear, called Osteoarthritis. This refers to progressive damage of the Cartilage, causing pain, restricted movement, and reduced quality-of-life. 

The treatment methods for early Osteoarthritis include medications, self-therapy exercises, and artificial lubricant injection (viscosupplementation).

 

Glucosamine and Collagen can help reduce pain and maintain the joint in suitable early cases.

More advanced stages may require bone marrow concentrate injection, arthroscopic surgery to reconstruct cartilage, or Knee Replacement surgery.

Knee Injuries

Common symptoms of knee problems include:

The other very common group of knee problems are Injuries. These include conditions such as Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tears, Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) tears, Meniscus tearsCartilage injuries and Patella Dislocations. Many people sustain ACL tears due to activities such as football, basketball, and skiing.

 

An ACL tear in a young person is best treated with surgery to reconstruct a new ACL, thus giving the patient a good knee for the years to come. Dr Ang's technique uses the patient’s own hamstring tendons to make a new ACL, thus ensuring the best clinical outcome.

A tissue-healing stimulant injection is useful for injuries with delayed healing. It stimulates healing in injured tissues.

© Centurion Ortho 2020. Clinical images from Dr Ang CL.